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Praeities Žvalgas – Nelegalus Žygis Baikonuro Kosmodrome | 2 dalis | ENG Subtitles

Live nicely, pay little. Eco2 Siluma. Media Lab Presents Producer Šarūnas Jasiukevičius SCOUT OF THE PAST Sponsors of the programme Scout of the Past PREVIOUSLY: I am greeting you from Kazakhstan. Good afternoon We will need three and half or four hours to get to the desert. The problem is that a new trench is dig out on this road to stop cars to go through. To the hangar where spacecraft Buran is stored. Well, we said goodbye to our nice driver. The driver is going home. And we are proceeding to cosmodrome Baikonur. I will explain logistics a little bit. Now it is evening, it started getting dark. According to the navigation, the car went 10 kilometres from the main road. We have to walk about 25 or 26 kilometres through the sands. We have eight hours for that. Because it is dangerous when the day breaks. The weather like this is better firstly because it is cooler for walking, secondly – visibility is not so good I prairies. As you noticed all scenery is plain, plain, plain, plain… You can see things in distance of few kilometres. If we would walk like this with big backpacks in the middle of the day, we would be noticed very quickly and our march would end. So we have to move in the night for two reasons. The first reason is coolness. The other reason is to stay unnoticed. Now why this march is different from another ones. The main thing is that we have to go through the desert and there is none possibility at all to refill water bottles. That means our big backpacks are filled with water. Each of us carries 10 litres of water and 5 portions of food. This should be enough to go there, spend almost 2 days in the cosmodrome and come back. Well, to tell the truth, we are at the cosmodrome already. We arrived and trying to go towards out destination. Though we are in Kazakhstan but the area of cosmodrome is let to Russia, and Russia exploits cosmodrome. Units of the Russian Army safeguard all cosmodrome. They constantly patrol all territory. They not only drive through the territory, but also inspect buildings. To make sure there are no people in the buildings. They do that not only because of stalkers like us, but also because of the scrap people who come here to steal metal. So the main danger for us is the Russian army. Another danger is local Kazakhs who come here to cut metal. The next danger is wild animals. On the prairies besides wild horses there are camels, wolves, foxes, jackals, venomous snakes, and scorpions. And tiredness of course. The danger that we miscalculated the amount of water and it could finish before time. Or we just get tired. We will get tired, we will stop to get some rest. Approximately after 8 hours the day will start breaking. Till the dawn we have to get to the first hangar and enter it in the dark, otherwise the military patrol on vehicles could notice us. We switched our mobile phones to airplane mode, because we heard that local patrol has scanners that can detect sim cards that are actively connected. So one more way not to give ourselves away. It is extremely hard to walk on the sand. Perhaps it is double hard. 25 kilometres would be like 50 kilometres on the road. Besides we have to carry a lot of water. On our route we notices an approaching vehicle. We moved to the side from the way several hundred metres away behind the bush. There is nowhere to hide here. Everything is plain. Lie down. We don’t know who is in that vehicle. It could be the patrol, it could be anyone. Well, the vehicle passed. It looked like a military vehicle went by. It is great they haven’t noticed us. But not so good that they can notice out footprints on this route. We managed to find a bush, or to be more precise a pile of grass to hide. The vehicle drove by. Good, we can move on. Start ->Patrols ->Railroad We planned the route according to the experience of the previous travellers, made some adjustments according to our physical abilities. There were two possible ways. The first one is less risky but last longer with the sleepover in the desert in one of the abandoned bases of nuclear strategic rockets. We set aside this possibility because our physical abilities allow us to walk all distance in one go. Then we had to plan the shortest route by the levels of risk. Each program at Baikonur cosmodrome had own towns, called platforms. Some programs are closed already and platforms are abandoned or used for different purposes. So they are safeguarded less. We collected information from the public sources and found out that officially closed nuclear weapon storage is, in fact, used. It is not clear for what purpose though. So we had to adjust our route. The most dangerous object on our route is still working platform, named after Gagarin, for rocket launching. It is exploited rather often nowadays. At least once in a few months rockets are launched there. The working platform is safeguarded not only by active patrol, that means people, but also by passive security – a lot of various safeguarding systems: motion sensors, infrared cameras, seismic sensors on the ground and fences, perimeter sensors, patrols with dogs. Because prairie is plain visibility is reaching very far. We had to make the round of few kilometres from Gagarin platform. We have planned the route according to the ridden by patrol ways. Though it is riskier than going through the azimuth in desert but easier to move. In the desert there are aplenty sharp spiky plants, prairie dogs that local people call “susliks”, dig out holes. Besides big danger is from the hollows with vertical stone edges, they could be even few metres deep. If one falls into such hollow, that means death when the sun rises. Certainly, the route not always matches the road in the desert. So sometimes we had to walk just straight through. Looking through the photos from satellite we noticed that there are electric lines going straight to the Gagarin platform. It was on out way and it looked very convenient to join it in. Only by the electric lines we realised that we would not be able to walk under those electric lines – sand there was swampy and deep. It was impossible to walk there. We had to come back few kilometres, sit down and re-plan the route again. It is breaking. You see I can use camera like that now. We approached Gagarin platform in a such distance that no one could notice us. I tried to film it a little, you will see that there is about 5 kilometres through the desert till Buran hangar and it is already bright. That means we have to get into hangar in the light. I don’t know how we will do that. We have a break to rest every 30 minutes, we are extremely exhausted. After the break you will see: All the entrances that were opened before are sealed now. I can’t believe that finally I am here. Excursions to Chernobyl zone. More information on the website Live nicely, pay little. Eco2 Siluma SCOUT OF THE PAST Phew… We are having a break. Still one more kilometre to go. It is extremely hard to walk these last kilometres. That’s it… Legs are pulsing, feet are on fire, all muscles are stiff. If we wouldn’t be lost in the desert, we would be already at out destination. It was our fault that we didn’t worked so well on our route, didn’t get right details and walked in vain about 5 kilometres around and lost some time, additionally two hours. In fact, we could be inside like one hour already. The sun is up, visibility is at the top level and the danger is super big, because patrols are going around and can spot us walking. They can see us approaching though the desert. It is plain here, any movement is visible few kilometres away. We noticed some horses, so they were like 2-3 kilometres away. Though we were walking at night, but we used too much water. The air in the desert is very dry. It looks like you breath though your mouth and all mouth gets so dry that everything sticks. We sweat. The sweat dries out instantly. Extremely hard… I think that was the hardest eight, now almost nine hours, physically hardest hours in my life. It will be one more hour till we get inside. There is still like 30 minutes to walk and then we have to find a spot where we could get inside. – Marcus, any security? No security? Marcus looked around with binoculars, checking from the distance. We thought maybe we will see some safeguards there. No one there. Till Buran program, all space crafts were designed to take things out into the open space. No one wanted to bring anything back. Suddenly Americans needed that and shortly after that Soviet Union. What was the need about? Officially Buran was made to bring broken equipment for repairs and upgrading from the orbit station. It didn’t matter that it was more expensive to bring it back, repair and send it back than make a new one. It is obvious that the real purpose was different. But about this later… Buran as a spacecraft had to land as a controlled flight so it had to have any kind of wings. Wings of delta shape were chosen. It is difficult to say if some calculations were made or just blindly copied form American Shuttle. There was a 73 cubic metre capacity in the front of spacecraft. It could contain a crew of 2 to 4 people and up to 6 passengers. The middle part was designed for cargo. The room was 18 metres in length and 4,6 meters in diameter and it could contain up to 30 tones cargo launching and up to 15 tones landing. Hydraulic arm-manipulator was created to collect cargo. So about the purpose: An extract from the document dated the 7th of November, 1976 prepared and signed by Ustinov for Defence Ministry of the Soviet Union 1) Realisation of the military system to protect from possible actions of the enemy in the space. 2) Carry out specific tasks in favour of defence, state, economics and science. 3) Carry out applied military research and experiments to help create huge complex in the space. 4) Returning astronauts and various cargo to the Earth. So cargo haulage was the last on the list. All other purposes were for military matters The last one was also important because it was also associated with military. Soviets calculated that Buran cargo room could accommodate two American military satellites. That’s right, Russians were planning to use Buran to steal the USA satellites orbiting in the space. Buran was created by the whole Soviet Union. Though many people working for this project didn’t know that. All program was secret. Separate parts of the program were created in different laboratories, the personnel working there didn’t know the purpose of their work. At the end of sixties to eighties USA explored possibilities of the military actions in the space. Soviet Union got this idea in 1976. After the Communist Party of Soviet Union and the Cabinet of Ministers gave the permission, collaboration with NPO Energy (Rocket and Space corporation) started. In seventies and eighties, the researches were made to program the spacecrafts to destroy military crafts, rockets, targets in the air, and on the ground and seas. For this purpose, two aircrafts with various weapons were created – lasers as in SKIF-DM and rockets as Kaskad. One block of the space base POLIUS 17KDOS became a base for those spacecrafts. Differently from service blocks this one had a few fuel blocks; this would let to perform more operations in the orbit. Burans should carry cargo and fuel to those military space bases. Well, we arrived, now we just need to find the entrance. All entrances are sealed, they were open before. I can’t believe I am finally here. So much thinking, so many dreams about it, and finally I am here. Behind my back there is reusable spacecraft Buran. To be precise, this is a dummy of the real Buran. And a little bit further there is a real one. Fantastic. I am going to walk around the hangar. I will explore Buran and maybe even I can get inside it. Soviets also had a plan to take nuclear bombs into space. They would be placed in the cargo room of Buran like bullets in a revolver. According to this project, there should be five spacecrafts and each of them should contain up to 20 nuclear weapons. It is possible to find some information about the other program for Buran. Soviets had a defence plan from science fiction area – to mine all the space. Mines could be collected and brought back the Earth. Some technical specifications of Buran: Maximum weight – 105 tones Oxygen reserve – 10,4 tones Fuel reserve – 4,1 tones Maximum length of flight – up to 30 days Maximum height of flight 1000 kilometres Maximum speed of flight 360 km/hr Average speed of flight 312 km/hr Number of flights that one Buran could make – 100 times To leave the orbit, Buran had to turn 180 degrees with the back forward, slowing down with the main engines. Reaching the desired speed, Buran turned again front forward and the trajectory of the flight was adjusted only with aerodynamic means. Reaching 250 kilometres height, Buran started controlled landing. The distance of 20 000 kilometres was necessary for that. The first trial flight of Buran was finished after it orbited twice the Earth and then landed successfully using automatic mode on the airport in Baikonur area. During 10 years of Buran program 12 different models of spacecraft were created. Some of them were used for flights to the space. The others were used for experiments on the Earth. The models for experiments were used to confirm technical decisions for various parts of engineering – mechanical, static and dynamic, electrical, thermal and acoustic. I will tell you a little how we will camp here. We entered the hangar; we found a place. Now the system is like this – we have to find a place for sleepover. The possible trouble with a such place is that police patrol comes… Russian military patrol comes and they do check-ups. Some doors to the first, second and third floors are sealed. So if they come, check them and find those seals destroyed, they do proper search who came inside and sleep here. They look for stalkers. But we have managed to get to the first floor though the balcony without destroying the seals. So this is out sleeping spot here. We will settle down, sleep during the day, walk around, have a rest and at night we will try to get into another hangar where the rocket Energy M is stored. It was a carrier of Buran. We will try to do that. But for now we will look around here. Maybe we could get inside the Buran too. As I know one is an original one and the other is a dummy So I will not get inside the dummy one, but I will try to enter the original one. I would like to make a selfie at the steering of the spacecraft very much. Next episode: All Buran’s body is covered with temperature and fire resistant plates. Quickly we moved back to Lithuania from the Baikonur cosmodrome. – How did you got that order? About Buran? – I am Algimantas Stankevičius, the son of Rimantas Stankevičius. Pilot-tester-astronaut. He tested reusable spacecraft Buran. Live nicely, pay little. Eco2 heating Producer’s clothes and equipment were supplied by “Armijai ir civiliams” We are grateful for filming equipment from the shop “Promaksa”

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24 thoughts on “Praeities Žvalgas – Nelegalus Žygis Baikonuro Kosmodrome | 2 dalis | ENG Subtitles

  1. Ir pagaliau laukimas baigėsi. Net ir truputį kvapą gniaužiantis žygis šitas, bet Šarūnas nebūtų Šarūnas jei jis nerizikuotų. Lauksiu trečios dalies

  2. Saldziai miegat dar ziuriu..:D Nera jokio kosmoso ir netgi jei butu,tai judejimas vakume neimanomas tokiomis technologijomis veikianciomis zemes slegio zonoje..;) Gal daugeliui sunku patiketi,bet jus visus stipriai apgavo,tiek del kosmoso,planetu,palydovu,zemes formos ir tt.Taipat ir pati realybe kuria suvokete valstybes ,kalbos ,darbai,maistas,medicina ,mokslai,yra viskas dirbtina ir yra absoliutus blogis skirtas sunaikinti zmogaus samone ir kuna,paversti zmogu zombiu..Pasaulis tikru tikriausia matrica,arba vien simbolika ir koduotos zinutes..

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